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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 299-305

Morphological and ethnomedicinal study of Berberis napaulensis (DC.) laferr. (Syn. Mahonia nepalensis DC.)

Department of Dravya Guna Vigyanan, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Kiran Paudel
Department of Dravya Guna Vigyanan, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joa.joa_215_21

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Introduction: Berberis napaulensis (DC.) Laferr. (Syn. Mahonia nepalensis DC.) belonging to the family Berberidaceae. In the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal this shrub plant is used in the alternative medicinal systems. It is found in Temperate Himalaya, Altitude 4000–8000 ft. in height from Garwhal, India to Bhutan. B. napaulensis DC. is sparingly branched shrubs having erect stems. Leaves are pinnately compound. Methods: The current survey study is based on the Berberry plants with the help of different Scholars of Botany, Ayurveda, Medicine, and Traditional Ayurveda Practitioners. Field trips were made with experts on the dense forest of Kathmandu Valley. The Collected Plant specimens were compared with Specimens of KATH and TUCH, KTM, Nepal, and CSIR-NIScPR, New Delhi, India. Results: The Survey study identified, recorded, and collected the common Berberis and Mahonia in Hilly area of Kathmandu valley. Berberidaceae family species have a valuable status in the Hilly area and Mountainous area of Nepal and India. Mahonia Plant Stem Bark was commonly used in Jaundice and Liver related Diseases, Ophthalmic Problems, Neurological Disorders, and Metabolism Disorders. Conclusion: Berberidaceae family has diverse numbers of species. In Ayurveda, Berberis aristata DC. signifies the name of Daruharidra but in the different field visits shown that any species of Berberry were used as Daruharidra (Nepali: Chutro). Commonly, Berberis aristata DC is substituted by Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC. as the name of Daruharidra Veda. In the absence of Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC., Mahonia nepalensis DC. is used in Kathmandu valley.

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